Thursday, 6 February 2014

Noble Families of Jewish Ancestry

Semi Gotha 1912 Jewish Nobility
Two related publications, the Semi-Gothaor Historisch-genealoges-Taschenbuch des gesamted Adels jehuidäischen Ursprunges of 1912 and 1913, and the Semigothaisches Genealogisches Taschenbuch aristokratisch-jüdischer heiraten of 1914, attempted a comprehensive survey of those families of Jewish ancestry who were members of the titled European nobility (and a handful of non-European royalty or nobility). 

These were published at a time when the prestige and influence of European Jewry was at its highest and represented pride in their achievements since Jewish emancipation. Unhappily, these rare publications were later to be used by the nazis to identify families and individuals for extermination and many copies of these publications were destroyed both by nazi fanatics and by those Jewish families who had once been proud to have been included.

Birth dates were indicated with the hexagonal Star of David, while a Jewish tomb stone symbol indicated who died in the Jewish faith, and a Cross those who died in the Christian faith. Marriage dates were indicated with two bold rings interlocking if husband and wife both had Jewish blood, while a bold ring with an outline ring indicated whether only one of the partners was of Jewish ancestry. Two opposite pointing horizontal arrows indicated divorce, reflecting a Biblical passage “if thou take the right hand, then I will go to the left”. The genealogical section of the Semi-Gotha was preceded by a page with the swastika symbol - which meant something very different in 1913-14 and whose terrible implications were as yet unimaginable. The frontispiece illustration of the 1913 edition was a portrait of Benjamin Disraeli, 1st (and last) Earl of Beaconsfield. 
The families named are sometimes included with titles whose origins are unknown, and in some cases were assumed. It also included families whose Jewish origins were at best uncertain and often mythical (Macdonald, for example). The Semi-Gotha generally gives anyone claiming a title the benefit of the doubt. This list when completed will include all those families listed in these publications (this author has made some comments in a few cases where the alleged Jewish ancestry of someone has been doubted by reputable scholars): 
© Guy Stair Sainty  This list does not follow exactly the format of the original work but, with the exception of the first named family, places them alphabetically by family name. 

Ethiopia, Emperor of - Menelik II, King of Kings, born 1844 (all of whose family, including wives and husband of Princes and Princesses were included as being of Jewish ancestry).

Aguado, Alejandro José Aguado (1784-1842) created Marques de Marismas del Quadalquivir and Visconde de Monterno. Titles inherited (but not rehabilitated) by Napoleon de Talleyrand-Perigord, 2nd Duke of Montmorency. 

Aguilar, Catholic converts in 1720, created Barons and recognized as such by the Emperor 1726.

Aldobrandini, Princes - in the male line a branch of the Borghese family, considered of ancient Jewish origin.

Antonelli, produced a Cardinal, Giacomo Antonelli.

Arbetta, Counts of Arbetta (San Marino). 

Arnim, Herren von, converts (and in Disraeli’s novel, Coningsby, a Countess von Arnim is one of the characters).  

Avigdor, (of the line of Aaron), - Count Salomon Henri d’Avigdor (supposedly) created a Prince by Napoleon III, although as the S-G admits, this title was not listed officially in France.  

Avigdor, Counts, merged with Goldschmidt family.

Avigdor, (of the line of Aaron), Dukes of Acquaviva - Ancestry traced to a leading Prague Rabbi in the 14th century, Nobles since 1860 (San Marino), Duke of Acquaviva (San Marino 1899), Georg Avigdor, Duke of Acquaviva, Papal Chamberlain. 

Bardeau, formerly Kaufmann, Papal Counts, Herren auf Kornberg bei Feldbach in Steiermark.

Bagration, Princes (of the line of Jehuda) - the S-G includes the entire family but only lists a few members, including Prince Constantine who married Princess Tatiana of Russia. 

Barrême, 16th century converts., styled Counts de Barrême

Baruch de LousadaDukes of Lousada (? Of the line of Moses), Isaac, Baron Baruch, Duke of Lousada, by his cousin Lydia Baruch de Lousada, parents of Emmanuel, Duke of Lousada who married Honorine Lejeune (also of Jewish ancestry). 

Benedetti, Noble (1869), Vincent (1817-1891) a distinguished French public servant and Ambassador to Berlin.

Benyovsky, Lithuanian Counts, One served as a distinguished General in the 1780s.  

Bernadotte, Kings of Sweden - it is argued by the S-G that the Bernadotte family were originally Jewish, but they are listed as such only in a footnote. 

Berthier, Dukes of Wagram ?, descended from Alexandre Berthier, Duke of Wagram, Napoleon’s faithful aide. His Jewish ancestry was uncertain, hence the (?). Napoleon, 2nd Duke of Wagram (1810-1887), Alexandre, 3rd Duke of Wagram (1832-) named. 

Bethusy-Huc, Counts, Prussia 1859. Originally Huc, styled Marquis de Bethusy, and later Count de Bethusy-Huc.

Bielski von Olbrachcice, Counts (Austria) 8 July 1895, Catholic converts in 1764; named Julius, 1st Count (b. 1837) father of Julius (b. 1862, m. 1904 Princess Elenore Jablonowska, parents of Hedwig b. 1905 and Roman b. 1906). 

Blanc, Count de (Papal), François, Count de Blanc, father of Marie-Felicie, who in 1880 married Prince Roland Napoleon Bonaparte. The latter were parents of Princess Marie Bonaparte, b. 1882, who m. 1900 Prince George of Greece.  

Bombelles, Count & Marquis de, Baron de la Motte, Catholic since the 15th century; named among others Marc Marie Marquis de Bombelles, b. 1744 father of Charles-Rene, Comte de Bombelles b. 1785, Master of the Household and later husband of Marie-Louise, duchess of Parma,   and Henri François, Comte de B, b. 1789.   

Borghese, Princes - Originally from Germany, becoming Catholics in the late 14th or early 15th centuries. Princes of Sulmona, etc.

Borgia, Spanish and Italian lines of the family descended from Pope Alexander VI, originally Rodrigo Langolo. CreatedDukes of Gandia. No names given of current members although both survive.

Burnay, styled Counts, settled in England and Portugal.

Cahen d’Anvers, Count (Papal title 1867), of the line of Aaron, for the Antwerp banker Joseph Mayer Cahen, father of Raphael, 2nd Count, father of (1) Irene, m. Baron Etienne Gourgaud de Taillis, (2) Raphaele (1874-1899) m. 1891 Prince Ferdinand de Faucigny-Lucinge; (3) a daughter married Count MoiseNissim de Camondo.  

Cahen de Porre Absina, Counts Cahen and Marquesses di Porre Absina  (Italy). 

Cancrin, Nobles (Austria 1786) and Count (Russia), converts in the mid-18th century, settled in Russia and Germany. Georg, 1st Count Cancrin(1774-1845), General in the Russian Army 1812 and Finance Minister in 1823. The German branch was only Noble and several were living at the time of publication.

Cassis-Faraone, Counts (Austria 1783) converts since the late 18th century; married into Attems and Mels-Colloredo families; a branch settled in Italy.   

Castrioti, (of the same family as the famous George Castrioti Scanderbeg, ruler of Albania), lines in Serbia, Albania, Naples and Venice.

Catti, Venetian Nobles, possibly extinct.

Cheviers, Counts (Papal), originally Fischer, France & Germany.

Cohen, Count (Portugal), for Edward Cohen, of Pretoria, South Africa.

Consolati, Nobles (Bohemia 160), Reichsgraf von Consolati von und zu Heligenbrunn und Bauhof, 3 Aug 1790, probably formerly Cohen, 16th century converts,  Another branch settled in Bolsano and Trieste.  

Crouy, and Croy-Chanel, (not connected with Croy family) (formerly Gerothwohl), Converts to Catholicism since 1800, Nobles, not connected to the French and Hungarian families of Counts of Crouy-Chanel.
Disraeli, Earl of Beaconsfield, Benjamin (1804-1881), His grandfather Benjamin Disraeli (1730-1816) settled in England in 1748, father of Isaak (1766-1848), converted to Anglicanism 1817. Benjamin, 1st Earl of Beaconsfield (1876), was sometime Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.

Dobrowolski, Counts (Nobles, styled Counts), Russian and Polish family.

Doret, Count (Papal), for Léon Doret, d. 1913. 

Economos, Count (Papal)Alexandre, Count de Economos, in the service of the Sultan (living 1913).

Eppstein, Nobles in Bohemia, Aron and Albrecht Eppstein named as living 1620, possibly Counts of Lengheim (??).  
Feuerstein, Barons 1757, Counts Feuerstein von Feuersteinsberg 1793 (Bregenz, converts 16th century),

Fischer von Treuberg, Noble (1807, Prince-Bishop of Eichstatt), Barons (Saxe-Coburg 1809 and Hohenzollern-Siemaringen 1810), Counts (Saxony 1817). Many named (still extant). 

Fonseca, Noble (styled Counts), Netherlands. 

Frangipani, Counts, Dukes of Mirabello (of the line of Ruben), existing members not named. 

Frise, Count (Papal) original Messels, Henri Messels, Comte de Frise, d. 1893.

Gallifet, Marquis de, (possibly Jewish) named Gaston, Marquis de Gallifet, b. 1830. 

Gamerra de Gambamar, Noble (HRE 1764), Baron (HRE 1790), Counts (Papal ) (Converts 1764), named several. 

Goez, Noble (Regensburg 1654), Baron (HRE 1672), Count (HRE 1693), (formerly Trooch) many named.

Goschen, Viscount (UK 1900), (converts) junior line knighted, England and Germany; George Goschen (1831-1907) raised to the Peerage as Viscount Goschen after being 1st Lord of the Admiralty, Ambassador in Constantinople, and Chancellor of the Exchequer.

Gradelli, branch of Frangipani (of the line of Ruben), No titles given.

Groi-Hoch, mentioning a Prince Groi-Hoch, with no further information.

Handhierh, Prince - a mention of a Prince Handhierh, with a ?

Harbleicher, Counts (styled), Morris Harbliecher in Paris.

Hebrail, styled Marquis, from the Languedoc.

Henckel von Donnersmarck, Counts and Princes, named as 15th century converts. It also names Guido, Count Henckel, 1st Prince of Donnersmarck, who married (1) 1871 Blanche Lachmann (d. 1884) and left issue by his 2nd (non-Jewish) wife. 

Hierschel-Minervi, Nobles 1857 Baron (1877 Saxe-Meiningen),  (converts), styled Counts in Italy, Hiromi Hierschel of this family was a moderately successful painter. 

Kaiserling, styled Counts, naming Moser Kaiserling who claimed to be a branch of the Keyserlingk family.  

Königswarter, Baron (Saxe-Coburg-Gotha 1858), Count (Papal) and in France the adoption of the particule 

Kreuz, Nobles (styled Counts), Germany and Russia 

Kubinsky von Hohenlubin, Nobles (HRE 1646, Austria 1884), Marquis (Papal 1912), Albrecht, Marquis Kubinsky, Ritter von Hohenlubin, b. 1885.  

Künigl von Ehrenburg, Counts, Barons von Ehrenburg und Barth (although not of Princely rank included in th princely section), listed two current members, 16th century converts.

Levis-Mirepoix, Dukes of San Fernando Luis, sometime Dukes of Levis-Mirepoix. (Their alleged Jewish descent has been doubted by several eminent genealogists). 

Lusignan, Princes de (*in fact an entirely bogus claimant to this title, the pseudo Prince Michael David, although the editors of the S-G did not seem to know this, nor the Czar who seems to have accorded some recognition to the title - their Jewish origin supposed only by virtue of their alleged Armenian descent in the female line, but this was also spurious).

Macdonald, Duke of Taranto, (according to the S-G the Macdonald family were originally of Jewish origin). Included mention also of the Scottish Macdonalds. 

Malcolm, (of the line of Aaron), a gentleman who called himself Imperial Highness and Prince.

Massena, Prince of Essling, Duke of Rivoli (of the line of Karaiiten), Victor Massena, 4th Prince of Essling, Duke of Rivoli, married 1882 Paula, widow of the Duke of Elchingen, herself of Jewish birth (Heine-Furtado). Of their two daughters, Anne married the Marquis d’Albufera, heir to the Duke of Albufera (Suchet), and Victoire married the Marquis de Montesquiou. 

Matteis (of the line of Ruben), no title given but listed in Rome and Naples.

Meschtchersky, Princes, no current names listed, but still extant today.

Monroy di Belmonte,

Monse, a Prince Eugen named.

Napoleon III, by virtue of the claim that his real father, lover of Queen Hortense, was Carel Henri Berhuel-Badinet (born 1764). The Empress Eugenie, born de Guzman, Condes de Teba, was of Jewish convert ancestry.

Nazos, originally Miquez, a Spanish Jewish convert family, created Dukes by Selim II, Ottoman Emperor. 

Nissim de Camondo, Counts and Nobles Italy 1867; named Abraham Salvator 1st Count (d. 1889); Moise, 2nd Count married ....Cahen d’Anvers (q.v.); Isaac, 3rd Count b.1911. 

Papareschi, 14th century Roman Jewish converts, now extinct - no title given.

Petrovich-Niegoch of Montenegro, Princes (later King), existing members listed. 

Pierleoni (of the line of Ruben or Jehuda), prominent Roman Jewish noble family, extinct in 1582.

Salamanca (Salamon), Counts of Ortenburg in 16th and 17th century Carinthia, originally of Spanish descent. Created Barons of Freyenstein and Carlspach in 1523 and Counts of Ortenburg in 1524.

Sassoon, Baronets 1890, 1909 and 1911 (Mosaic, titled “Prince of the Captivity” by the Ottoman Emperor). Naming Jacon David Sassoon,  Sir Albert Sassoon, 1st Bart (1817-1896), his son Sir Edward Sassoon, Bart (1856-1912), Arthur Sassoon, Sir Philip Sassoon, 3rd Bart (b. 1888), Sybil Sassoon (b. 1894, listed as marrying Earl of Rocksavage, later Marquess of Cholmondeley), Sir Jacon Sassoon (b. 1853), Edward Sassoon (b. 1853), etc.  

Soult, Dukes of Dalmatia, descended from Marshal Soult, claimed to be of Jewish descent.  

Torlonia, converts at the end of the 18th century, ennobled 1794, Patricians 1809, Princes 1814, Dukes 1847. Divided into two lines of Dukes Torlonia and Princes of Civitelli Cesi The junior line became extinct in the male line and was substituted with Borghese, also of Jewish descent (q.v.), acquiring the titles of Prince Torlonia, Prince of Fucino, Canino and Musignano (these last inherited on the extinction of the male line of Bonaparte di Canino)  The title of Prince of Civitelli Cesi, however, reverted to the senior line, being attached to a male majorat. 

Trasmondi, Marchese d’Introdaqua, Catholics since the 10th century. Franz Trasmondi, Marchese d’Introdaqua, born 1881.

Tuesday, 4 February 2014

Aldobrandini - Torlonia - Rothschild - Bonaparte - Semi Gotha 1922

The Aldobrandini are an Italian noble family from Florence, with close ties to the Vatican. Its Roman fortunes were made when Ippolito Aldobrandini became pope under the name Pope Clement VIII. He arranged the marriage that linked the Aldobrandini with the Roman family of Pamphili. Additionally, they were also linked to marriage alliances with the Farnese (Ranuccio I, duke of Parma, had married Margherita Aldobrandini) and Borghese (since Olimpia Aldobrandini married Paolo Borghese).

The family also lends its name to the Palazzo Aldobrandini on the Quirinal Hill. The Aldobrandini family, having reached the height of its powers when Ippolito Aldobrandini became Pope Clement VIII (1592-1605), began the building of the villa. In 1600 Clement VIII acquired the Orti Vitelli on the Quirinal hill and in 1601 donated the property to his nephew Cardinal Pietro Aldobrandini. The old buildings of the Vitelli Family were demolished and construction began on the new villa and adjacent garden. The villa was never the family seat as the Aldobrandini family owned even more splendid residences elsewhere in Rome. The villa on the Quirinal hill served essentially for ceremonial functions.

More famous was the Villa Aldobrandini in Frascati. Also known as Belvedere for its charming location overlooking the whole valley up to Rome, it was rebuilt on the order of Cardinal Pietro Aldobrandini, Pope Clement VIII's nephew over a pre-existing edifice built by the Vatican prelate Alessandro Rufini in 1550. The villa, aligned with the cathedral down its axial avenue that is continued through the town as Viale Catone, was rebuilt in the current form by Giacomo della Porta from 1598 to 1602, and then completed by Carlo Maderno and Giovanni Fontana. The villa has an imposing 17th -century facade and some other interesting architectural and environmental features, such as the double gallery order on the rear facade, the spiral-shaped flights, the large exedra of the Water Theatre and the magnificent park. Inside there are paintings of Mannerist and Baroque artists such as the Zuccari brothers, Cavalier D'Arpino and Domenichino. Outside there is a monumental gate by Carlo Francesco Bizzaccheri (early 18th century).

The Doria, Pamphilj, Landi and Aldobrandini families have become united through marriage and descent under the simplified surname Doria Pamphilj (which is now extinct since the death of Princess Orietta Doria Pamphlij in 2000). The Aldobrandini family palazzo and its collections of works of art and furnishings is now the Doria Pamphilj Gallery in Rome.

The family name lives on, however, via a branch of the Borghese family, descended from the marriage of Olimpia Aldobrandini with Prince Paolo Borghese in the 17th century. This line is descended from Don Camillo Borghese, Prince Aldobrandini (1816-1902), a leading member of the soi-disant Black Nobility, who in turn was the younger brother of the then Prince Borghese and head of that family. Princess Olimpia Anna Aldobrandini, also a non-lineal descendent of Napoleon on her mother's side, married into the Rothschild family.[Wikipedia]

In 1974, David de Rothschild married the Italian Princess Olimpia Anna Aldobrandini-Borghese(b. 1955) Aldobrandini – Borghese – Torlonia – Rothschild – Porges - Bonaparte ....
Original 1922 Almanach de Gotha (edited by Justice Perthes) entry for the Borghese family (of which the Aldobrandini are a branch - see bottom of p288) , link to the original universally-recognised genealogical reference document, with details of family honours.

Wednesday, 1 January 2014

Semi Gotha 1912- Napoleon III of Jewish Descent

Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte (20 April 1808 – 9 January 1873) was the first President of the French Republic and, as Napoleon III, the ruler of the Second French Empire. He was the nephew and heir of Napoleon I. He was the first President of France to be elected by a direct popular vote. However, in 1852, when he was blocked by the Constitution and Parliament from running for a second term, he organized a coup d'état in 1851, and then took the throne as Napoleon III on 2 December 1852, the forty-eighth anniversary of Napoleon I's coronation.